Penetrating agents are used to detect discontinuities on the surface of non-magnetic materials. Penetrant testing employs the use of liquid penetrants to make defects easier for an inspector to spot as part of a visual inspection. By applying the liquid penetrants directly to the subject the penetrants with cause any flaws to become more visible. The liquid penetrates into any fissures or voids open to the surface of the test subject. Once the excess penetrant has been cleaned away the remaining penetrant in these areas leaks out.. This can result in flaws that are normally too small to view with the unaided eye to become much more pronounced. Additionally, depending on the size, shape, color, or accessibility of the subject, penetrant testing can allow flaws that may go unnoticed due to their placement in the test subject to be more readily apparent.
LPI offers flexibility in performing inspections because it can be applied in a large variety of applications ranging from automotive spark plugs to critical aircraft components. Penetrant materials can be applied with a spray can or a cotton swab to inspect for flaws known to occur in a specific area or it can be applied by dipping or spraying to quickly inspect large areas. In the image above, visible dye penetrant is being locally applied to a highly loaded connecting point to check for fatigue cracking.
Penetrant inspection systems have been developed to inspect some very large components.
Liquid penetrant inspection can only be used to inspect for flaws that break the surface of the sample. Some of these flaws are listed below:
Entec Consultants offers a full suite of inspection, nondestructive testing, and QA/QC services.
All services offered can be performed in-house or on-site.
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